カンファレンス (国際) Parasitic Location Logging: Estimating Users’ Location from Context of Passersby
18th Annual IEEE Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (Percom 2020)
People often turn off location logging when the batteries of their smartphones get low, to reduce the phone's power consumption and prolong its operation. Here, we propose an innovative data sharing scheme called as the Parasitic Location Logging (PLL). PLL can acquire location of such users, what we call parasitic users, without invoking any location functionalities by the GPS and Bluetooth low energy (BLE) sensors of their smartphones. PLL estimates parasitic users' location and trajectory by relying on other users who pass by the parasitic user, what we call host users, as evidence that they are located in close proximity. The results of field experiments showed that PLL dramatically decreases battery consumption of parasitic users' smartphones and that the position of parasitic users can be identified accurately. Moreover, the battery consumption of PLL was rigorously evaluated in a laboratory setting to demonstrate its benefit. An agent simulation evaluating the proposed calculation algorithm under various conditions in realistic environments validated the robustness of PLL.