カンファレンス (国際) Building an Autopoietic Knowledge Structure for Natural Language Conversational Agents

Kiyoshi Nitta

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Rule Representation, Interchange and Reasoning on the Web (RuleML 2008)


This paper proposes a graph structure called an augmented semantic network (ASN) which is an extension of the ordinary semantic network (SN). We have developed an experimental conversational agent system and a knowledge structure based on the ASN that can hold a larger number of rules for replying to user utterances and modifying some parts of the rules when necessary. The system operation has shown that the knowledge structure is capable of implementing well-studied conversational models and becoming an autopoietic system. Autopoiesis means the systemic nature of life activity as discussed in the field of life science. An autopoietic system will be able to reproduce its elements as a result of their activity. Although the system will have to be capable of other functional natures to become an autopoietic system, the addi- tional flexibility and extensibility enabled by the ASN-based knowledge structure might be necessary for realizing autopoietic and intelligent con- versational agents.The SN graph structure consists of a vertex set and an edge set whose elements each connect two elements in the vertex set. ASN edges are also able to connect elements in the edge set. The knowledge structure permits concept synthesis by utilizing the ASNユs edge modification abil- ity. It removes the restriction on giving meanings from the outside to all concepts in the knowledge structure. Each element of rules represented by the ASN graph structure has a concrete meaning that can be synthe- sized by other elements of the rules. This capability might further the development of an autopoietic knowledge structure system.

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