CONFERENCE (INTERNATIONAL) Speech Representation Learning Combining Conformer CPC with Deep Cluster for the ZeroSpeech Challenge 2021
Takashi Maekaku, Xuankai Chang (Carnegie Mellon University), Yuya Fujita, Li, Shinji Watanabe (Carnegie Mellon University), Alexander Rudnicky (Carnegie Mellon University)
August 30, 2021
We present a system for the Zero Resource Speech Challenge 2021, which combines a Contrastive Predictive Coding (CPC) with deep cluster. In deep cluster, we first prepare pseudo-labels obtained by clustering the outputs of a CPC network with k-means. Then, we train an additional autoregressive model to classify the previously obtained pseudo-labels in a supervised manner. Phoneme discriminative representation is achieved by executing the second-round clustering with the outputs of the final layer of the autoregressive model. We show that replacing a Transformer layer with a Conformer layer leads to a further gain in a lexical metric. Experimental results show that a relative improvement of 35% in a phonetic metric, 1.5% in the lexical metric, and 2.3% in a syntactic metric are achieved compared to a baseline method of CPC-small which is trained on LibriSpeech 460h data. We achieve top results in this challenge with the syntactic metric.