CONFERENCE (INTERNATIONAL) GroupWi-Lo: Maintaining Wi-Fi-based Indoor Localization Accurate via Group-wise Total Variation Regularization

Masato Sugasaki*1, Kota Tsubouchi, Masamichi Shimosaka*1, and Nobuhiko Nishio*2 (*1 Tokyo Institute of Technology, *2 Ritsumeikan University)

Tenth International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN2019)

September 30, 2019

Wi-Fi fingerprint-based localization is known to be prominent for indoor positioning technology; however, it is still challenging on sustainability of its performance for long-term use due to distribution drifts of the signal strength across time. There- fore, the laborious continual surveys on fingerprint are inevitable. In this paper, we propose a new scheme for solving the large cost of maintaining common Wi-Fi fingerprint-based localization with machine-learning-based way by efficient incremental learning (retraining). Specifically, we propose a brand new retraining method, called GroupWi-Lo, that focuses on minimization of parameter variation with respect to the incremental surveys on fingerprint (i.e., calibration). Our method tries to keep the parameters of the previously trained model unchanged while minimizing the error on the dataset obtained in the last surveys. This formulation is helpful to keep robustness against overfitting from the limited size of the dataset per survey. The experimental results both in the lab and the uncontrolled environment show that GroupWi-Lo achieves competitive performance among the state-of-the-art methods, while its computational cost retains independent of the number of surveys compared with existing the semi-supervised approach and standard incremental training approach.